Viruses and Bacteria- How They Make Us Ill And Sometimes Kill

Viruses and Bacteria- How They Make Us Ill And Sometimes Kill

Viruses and Bacteria-I found a book on the topic of viruses and bacteria. I like this book because it explains how they make people ill, how they multiply, and gives insight into the work of the WHO (World Health Organization). The name of the book is It’s catching : the infectious world of germs and microbes : Here is an excerpt-

"cover your cough draw string bag" by holymaud | Redbubble"
cover your cough draw string bag

Viruses and Bacteria
May be the smallest of the germs but these tween- tiny troublemakers cause some of the most contagious diseases on Earth! They look like small geometrical capsules. The hard outer shell of a virus is made up of protein that fit together like puzzle pieces while inside the shell is its DNA- the generic instructions the virus uses to make copies of itself.

Unlike other microbes, viruses can’t reproduce on their own – In order to replicate, a virus has to get inside one of our cells and take over its protein making machinery.

"Viruses and Bacteria " | tshirtpotandmore"

How Do Viruses and Bacteria Make You Sick?

If someone broke into your house and started playing with all your stuff and eating all your food you would be pretty angry right ? Well when a virus barges into one of your cells the cell gets mad! In fact, when you are sick with a virus most of your symptoms ain’t caused by the virus itself. Instead they are the side effects of your bodies fight against the tiny invader.

" : amazon masks for viruses | masks"
Click image for masks purchase

When your body is confronted with a virus different types of immune cells move throughout your body to hunt for the intruder. The cells talk to each other using special molecules called cytokines to say things like “ Send Help! I see some viruses over here! The only problem is that immune cells have pretty loud “voices”- sometimes other cells overhear the conversation and join the fight by becoming inflamed or producing mucus. That’s what causes symptoms of a viral infection. So the next time you are in bed with a cold and a big box of tissues take comfort in the fact that your drippy nose means your body is doing its best to get healthy again.

"cover your mouth" T-Shirt by holymaud | Redbubble"
cover your mouth t-shirt

Get To Know The Great Germs
There are thousands of germs in the world and it’s somebody’s job to keep track of them all. In 1948, the United Nations created the World Health Organization – WHO to its friends. Headquartered in Geneva , Switzerland WHO is tasked with monitoring all the diseases in the world.
Every year WHO publishes a report describing the global morbidity and mortality rates for all the diseases it tracks.

Morbidity is a measure of how many people got sick , while mortality refers to how many of those people died. In the developed world morbidity and mortality rates due to infectious diseases are low.
In other parts of the world, where people can’t see a doctor or a nurse as easily as they can in North America or Europe germs are a much bigger problem.

corona virus

And, how many germs do the folks at WHO have to keep on top of? Lots! There are almost 2000 infectious diseases that make humans sick. In fact, it’s a true A – Z! The great gem alphabets starts with acanthamebiasis and goes all the way through to zygomycosis. Meeting all of them would take some time. But a few names rise to the top- Here they are – the greatest germs of all.

"cover your cough graphic tanktops" T-shirt by holymaud | Redbubble"
cover your cough male tank top

Great Germs by the Numbers

If you want to be a great gemologist, you will need to learn to recognize the signs and symptoms of different diseases, describe how they transmit , and understand how dangerous they are. Each of the great germs that follow will have a card just like this one.

"cover your sneeze by | | tshirtpotandmore"
cover your sneeze

Know Your Cooties?
Colds and flues both spread through the air and wreak havoc in your nose and throat. But they are caused by totally different viruses. How do you know which you’ve got? If it came on quickly it probably is flu. Flus make you feel worse than colds do – feverish , achy, and nauseated instead of a little grumpy and sniffly.

Look Into My Crystal Ball
Twice a year the disease detectives at WHO make a very important prediction . They have to guess what “disguise” the influenza virus will be wearing in the next few months so that they can produce the correct vaccine to protect people around the world. Making a vaccine takes many months of laboratory work so WHO’s scientist must choose their recipes well ahead of time- in February for the Northern Hemisphere’s winter and in September for winter south of the equator.

"cover your cough graphic " Hoody by holymaud | Redbubble"
Hoody available HERE

How do they know what to put in the vaccine? They have a worldwide network of research laboratories that are constantly collecting the samples from Doctor’ s offices and hospitals . The scientists examine the samples using experimental techniques that give them a sneak peek at the virus’s disguises. Will this winter be a fake mustache, silly pair of glasses, or a new haircut? Who knows? WHO knows!

"wash your hands" tank top by holymaud | Redbubble"
always wash your hands tank top


Scientists are working on a universal flu vaccine. Instead of trying to unmask the flu vaccines shifting disguise the universal vaccine will recognize those parts of the virus that don’t change very often. If researchers are successful, the World Health Organization won’t have to guess which flu shot recipe to use each year – one that shall protect people against many different strains of flu.

Kids And Germs: Stopping The Spread of Germs and Viruses

Kids And Germs: Stopping The Spread of Germs and Viruses

Kids And Germs: A book on the topic of kids and germs has surfaced. I like this book because it covers various ways that germs spread, how we can safeguard kids from these germs and , where these germs can be found. The name of the book is Germ Proof Your Kids- Here is an excerpt:

Kids And Germs : How Germs Spread
Other People

Far and away the most common and important source of human infectious diseases is other humans. From typhoid Mary Mallon to Patient Zero Gaetan Dugard, the person thought to have first introduced AIDs in the United States, humans have always politically affected other humans. We are after all a social species living in intimate contact with others who like ourselves harbor billions of germs per person- and we find ample ways to share them among ourselves .

"stop the spread" T-Shirt by holymaud | Redbubble"
Click here to purchase germ prevention tshirt

The underlying theme of human to human transmission is straight forward contagious body fluids from one person are acquired by another. Disgusting but true! Every episode of your kids common cold flue, chicken pox, strep throat, lice, and warts come from their contact with someone else who has the malady. The same holds true for potentially lethal diseases like AIDs, Hepatitis,and Tuberculosis . Whoever gives an infection to your kid first got it from someone they were in contact with and so forth back far enough to raise chicken and egg question about this apparently endless perpetuation of original illness.

"stop the spread print clothing t shirts by holymaud | Redbubble"
Purchase tshirt here

Humans have developed numerous approaches to sharing germs: inhaling, impaling, ingesting, injecting, and impacting ( I needed a word for touching that started with an “I” to complete the alliteration, hence, impacting sorry.) Each germ, in turn, has developed a preferred route for Infecting humans although,some enlightened microbes have adapted to take advantage of more than one path to their daily meal. The following sections of our other people category review the germs options for human to human transmission, direct contact, droplets, airborne transmission, blood, breast milk, and indirect contact.

"cover your cough" t shirts by holymaud | Redbubble"
cover your cough t-shirt

Direct Contact. The shortest distance between two points is a straight line. Direct contact including touching, kissing , and sex is the most common and most important path that germs take from victim to victim. The hands of a karate or judo expert can be a lethal weapons but as you”ll read in chapter 9 your kids hands may also be lethal weapons even if they’ve never practiced the martial arts. Hands not only carry the germs that are expected to be found on the skin, they also carry the germs that kids have coughed into them , sneezed into them, and wiped onto them after going to the bathroom. And hands aren’t the only perpetrators, kids lips, tongues, and other mucous membranes are often in direct contact with their counterparts in other kids.

coronavirus image
coronavirus pic

Most germs that live relatively on the skin are bacteria . Of those that cause infection, staphylococci (staph), and streptococci (strep) are the most common. As you remember from chapter 1 most staph and strep hare harmless but some acquire genes that give them greater potency allowing them to produce toxins or enzymes that facilitates a bacterium’s ability to penetrate beneath the skin and invade deeper tissues or get into the blood stream and spread through out the body. Below the belt gastrointestinal bacteria, like Escherichia coli, live on the skin around the anus. When kids wipe and don’t wash those germs are ready for hand go hand combat (see chapter 9). In addition to the ubiquitous E. Coli , all the bacteria that are shed from kids with gastroenteritis and dysentery ( severe gastroenteritis ) can travel on unwashed hands – salmonella , shigella and campylobacter to name but three. This makes daycare centers where pre potty trained kids roam unique amplifiers of gastroenteritis (see below).
The mucous membranes of the mouth and nose are also heavily colonized with common bacteria that usually cause no harm and whose identities are too esoteric to review here. Click here to purchase cover your cough tees.

"cover your cough print blouse" by holymaud | Redbubble"
top available here